RDE Chapter 2 Interactive Exercises: Set A

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1. Maslow argued that psychologists have studied rats and neurotic individuals but have not studied exceptionally well-adjusted people. This is a criticism about the_____ validity of research.

2. The professor of a psychology of women class notes that a study claiming that women are more conforming than men could be interpreted as showing that women are more cooperative than men. The professor is probably attacking the _____ validity of that research.
3. Don and Julie are engaged to be married this summer. However, upon taking a "couple compatibility" test in a popular magazine, they find they are not compatible. Before breaking off their engagement, Don and Julie should determine the ______ validity of the test.
4. A medical school asks people to volunteer for a "study that involves taking drugs and undergoing psychological testing." The researchers conclude that the drug calms people down. Given the type of participants used in this study, the _____ validity of the research could be questioned.
5. Near the end of the last lecture before an exam, a professor asks two students whether they have any questions. Both say "no." As a result, the professor concludes that those two students know and understand everything that was covered in class. The professor´s measure of "knowing and understanding everything" may lack _____ validity.
6. Criticism: "The measure is biased."  This criticism is questioning ____ validity.
7. Criticism: "Only males were used." This criticism is questioning ____ validity.
8. Criticism: "Participants included only gifted 10-year-olds." This criticism is questioning ____ validity.
9. Criticism: "Participants´reports of their feelings may be inaccurate." This criticism is questioning ____ validity.
10. Criticism: "Measure does not accurately assess anxiety." This criticism is questioning ____ validity.
11. Criticism: "Manipulation may not have produced the intended effect on participants´ psychological states. "This criticism is questioning ____ validity.
12. Teen magazine printed a survey form in a recent issue. Of those who reply, 40 percent claim to have used drugs. As a result, the magazine concludes that 40 percent of teens have used drugs. Even assuming the respondents are honest, the study may lack _____ validity. 
13. The author of the book, "The Hidden Life of Dogs," claims that her dogs fell in love and got married, had moral fiber, and that a male dog told a female dog that he knew she was younger than he and inferior to him in every way that mattered to dogs, but he did not care about that since he felt unrequited love for her. A psychologist might question the _____validity of these observations. 

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