Chapter 4: Research Design Explained

You are now at the Chapter 4 section of the book's student Web site.

Here you can



Review and improve your understanding of the material Quiz yourself Understand the value of being able to read research Get help
Visualize the material by looking at this concept map

See whether you know what belongs in the Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion sections.

Study the thinking goals for Chapter 4 (small, simple diagram)

Study Chapter 4's rules and slogans.

Read this murder mystery.

Test yourself on the key terms using one or more of these three quick matching tools See how we are surrounding by misinformation ("misinformation" was's 2018 word of the year)



Help with answering the end-of-chapter exercises
Get a better idea of the steps involved in conducting a study by reading Web Appendix C: "Conducting a Study" Take some practice quizzes
Start a literature search using this computerized searches link.

Get some tips for how to read research from

Further review the material by reading the chapter summary

Download a powerpoint summary of the chapter

Review two reasons "significant" results may not be as replicable as they seem

  1. Publication bias (the file drawer problem)
  2. Data fishing (Data dredging).


Be sure you can explain the answers to these review questions before you take a quiz or test over Chapter 4.


To get more ideas on the questions to ask as you read research articles, see Appendix C of your text.

Tips on reading scientific articles

The evidence hierarchy--which designs produce the best evidence?

Why you should try to replicate research

How to make your references conform to APA style

If you are getting ready to do some research, download this tutorial  that will help you write your Introduction.

Chapter 4 exercises

Scientists protesting for peer review

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